The Principles of Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) are a set of rules and guidelines developed by the World Trade Organization (WTO) to regulate global agricultural trade. These principles aim to create a fair and level playing field for all countries, regardless of their agricultural capacity and economic status.
One of the main objectives of the AoA is to promote market-oriented agriculture and to reduce trade barriers in the global agricultural market. This is achieved through the establishment of specific rules governing the use of subsidies, import tariffs, and other trade instruments, which are aimed to minimize distortions in the international agricultural trade.
Another key goal of the AoA is to ensure that agricultural policies are sustainable and environmentally friendly. This is accomplished by promoting the use of production techniques that are environmentally sound, and to encourage the protection and conservation of natural resources.
The AoA also seeks to address the concerns of developing countries by providing special and differential treatment to these nations. This includes technical assistance and capacity-building programs to help developing countries improve their agricultural productivity and competitiveness in the global market.
In addition, the AoA aims to address food security concerns and to promote food self-sufficiency. This is achieved by ensuring that developing countries have access to adequate food supplies at affordable prices, and by promoting the use of agricultural technologies and infrastructure that can help increase food production and distribution.
Overall, the Principles of Agreement on Agriculture provide a framework for global agricultural trade that seeks to promote fair competition, sustainable practices, and equitable treatment for all countries. By adhering to these principles, nations can work together to develop a robust and sustainable global agricultural system that benefits everyone.